Because of this, unlike many other houseplant species such as Monstera, it’s not really suitable for propagation by means of taking cuttings.Luckily that doesn’t mean propagating your Alocasia will be a challenge. When it comes to creating a rooting medium for propagating elephant bush, recipes are many. Elephant bush cuttings will root in four to six weeks, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. Since they’re slow growers, you’ll need to practice a lot of patience. That said, elephant trees aren’t fussy about humidity. If you notice dark brown or black spots with a yellowish rim on the leaves, remove the damaged leaves, move the plant away from your other plants, and treat with a fungicide spray. A 50-50 mix of coarse sand and perlite works well, as does a mixture of half coarse grit and half compost. Dig up your parent plant in the fall for the highest chance of success. Or, if you want to grow a garden that uses low amounts of water. There, they grow up to 30 feet tall. When caring for elephant trees, it is very important to consider irrigation. Or, if you live in cooler climate areas, leave them out during the summers. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. This means using a weak fertilizer twice a month during its growing season which runs from spring through fall. However, they can withstand up to 40 degrees. Avoid beds where water pools after rain as well as beds with drip irrigation. Portulacaria Afra-Elephant Bush Care, Types and Propagation - Succulent Plant Care January 2019 Portulacaria Afra 'Elephant Bush' how-to guide in caring, propagating, sunlight requirements, watering, soil and growing needs. Elephant Tree Propagation. Soil should be moist, but never soggy. Elephant trees thrive in sunny locations. Make sure the pot drains well and don’t leave a saucer with water sitting under the container. Elephant Ear Plant Care & Propagation. Also, allow the soil to dry out before watering again. This will give you an idea of what to expect. If you’re after a good indoors house plant, check out the Alocasia species. Your email address will not be published. In general, these tiny trees will shed their leaves during the winter. Elephant ears like to grow in soil that is consistently moist. Thus, it will stretch towards where the light is, becoming longer and taller. Place the stalk in a moistened, well-draining container. The difference between jade plant and elephant bush is minimal when it comes to gathering and starting the cuttings, so if you've started jade plant before, you'll have no trouble propagating elephant bush. Some of them are small, and some grow to be gigantic elephant ear plants if they’re given optimal growing conditions. Reduce watering in winter to prevent root problems. Elephant bush, Portulacaria afra, is a perennial succulent shrub from South Africa that is a popular succulent garden plant around the world.It is easily grown as a seasonal accent plant or low maintenance houseplant in our part of the world. This can happen if it’s not getting enough light. They’re small trees that grow quite slowly. Keeping them in clay pots or something that’s porous also helps keep their roots healthy since it allows excess moisture to seep out. Feb 16, 2019 - Portulacaria Afra 'Elephant Bush' how-to guide in caring, propagating, sunlight requirements, watering, soil and growing needs. Gather a 2- to 4-inch-long stem with healthy foliage at the tip and a sturdy stem. In this method, you propagate your elephant jade plant … While they may not seem like it. The Portulacaria Afra or the Elephant Bush is a perennial succulent shrub native to South Africa. Haemanthus albiflos is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to South Africa. They are very heavy feeders and take a lot of fertilizer. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program: Elephant Bush, Portulacaria afra, UC Master Gardeners of Butte County: Succulents: From One There Are Many, Logee's Plants for Home & Garden: Cultural Information - Portulacaria “Mini Jade”. Caring for your elephant ear plants requires attention. A liquid form of fertilizer is good for their moist soil conditions, and you should choose one that is high in nitrogen for best foliage growth. This makes them perfect for xeriscaping. For best results, wait until the parent plant starts to go dormant in the fall and the leaves start to die off before removing it from its pot or in-ground location. Elephant Ear Plant Types. If it resists your efforts, roots have formed. You may need to move the plant a few times until you find the right spot. Portulacaria Afra “elephant bush/porkbush” Propagation. Learn tips for growing elephant ear plants in your garden or home, including advice on light, soil, watering, propagation, and temperature. This is why you’ll see these unique plants thrive outdoors in USDA zones 9 and above. But if the plant is not used to a lot of sunlight, you may have to slowly help the plant get used to full direct sunlight. They are known for their unique look and somewhat odd yet intriguing-looking trunk. A group of elephants can quickly strip all the leaves and smaller branches in a single feeding, but the regenerative property of the Portulacaria is so great that within two weeks the branches will have regrown lush new greenery. This can happen if it’s not getting enough light. The other time you’ll want to prune your elephant tree is if it becomes leggy. As long as they get enough light, they’re happy. While they’re not as popular as some other plants, they’re not uncommon. Although elephant bush will survive in poor soil, it actually needs a moderate amount of nutrients to support its growth during the growing season. In many cases, they’re also grown as bonsai trees. The Elephant Ear (Colocasia) is a tropical plant that grows up to 9 feet (2.7 m) tall and sprouts large, arrow-shaped leaves that resemble the ears on an elephant. Grevillea Long John (Spider Flower) Plant Care, Clematis Armandii (Evergreen Clematis) How to Grow and Plant Care, Grevillea Robusta Plant Care – How to Grow Silky Oak, Black Knight Butterfly Bush (Buddleja Davidii) Plant Care Guide, Philodendron Bipennifolium (Horsehead Philodendron) Plant Care Guide, How to Care For Calathea Ornata (Pinstripe Plant), How to Grow Aloe Polyphylla (Spiral Aloe), Put them in warm water for 24 hours to soak. In the garden, choose a location with some light midday shade in hotter climates because too much direct sun can cause the leaves to change color and burn. Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. But here, you’ll see them either as small trees or grown as bonsais. Moisten the soil sparingly, adding water only when it feels dry beneath the surface. This will allow them to all the sun they desire. She has nearly 25 years of experience in the propagation and care of plants.. Ideally, the plant needs at least 5-6 hours of light. They likewise produce red flowers and round, orange fruits. Also a reliable food source, elephant ear produces edible roots in thick, tuberous clumps that are ideal for propagation by division. But, if you keep them warm enough, they might be able to keep some of their foliage. Thus, making them interesting conversational pieces when you have guests over. They do best when given full or partial sun. Its look is unusual, but also unique and interesting. The plant may survive a frost, but a hard freeze is likely to kill it. The elephant bush loves sunlight and can be in full sun for several hours at a time. Grow potted elephant bush plants in unglazed ceramic containers with large drainage holes at the bottom. https://worldofsucculents.com/how-to-propagate-a-elephant-bush Elephant bush is very drought tolerant, but the foliage will thin and its growth will slow if it is not watered regularly throughout the summer months, so increase watering if the plant appears to be suffering from lack of water. On the other hand, lack of light causes them to become leggy. The plant gets its name due to its thick, winding, gray-colored trunk. Therefore, in areas with harsh, cold winters (like those in northernmost regions), the plants must be dug up and stored indoors.. Cut the foliage back to about a couple of inches after the first frost in your area and then carefully dig up the plants. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. In real to life, they leaned over and while stretched over the concrete wall head butted the glass barrier out of existence. Required fields are marked *. It propagates best from stem cuttings taken in spring or summer, which will eagerly root when stuck in fast-draining soil and exposed to moderately warm temperatures. For these plants, everything starts with their main trunk. This makes them excellent candidates for windows that are facing the south, east, and west where they’re able to receive a lot of sunlight. Propagating Alocasia | Offset division. In general, elephant trees don’t need a lot of pruning. They adjust to a wide range. this plant grows fast and is a bushing type succulent with woody stems. Tropical Garden Planting Flowers Elephant Ear Plant Plants Growing Plants Elephant Plant Propagating Plants Elephant Ear Plant Indoor Longfield Gardens. After that, it will then begin to branch out sideways. It is likewise used to sandy soil. Simply twist the stem to remove it from the main branch or cut it with a very sharp, sanitized blade. Thus, it will stretch towards where the light is, becoming longer and taller. If caring for the plant indoors, provide the brightest light possible in the house. Here’s how to care for and grow elephant trees indoors. Set the elephant bush cutting in a dry, shaded place with good air circulation for several days until the severed end dries out and appears calloused, as recommended by UC Master Gardeners of Butte County. Bright light, warm temperatures and fast-draining soil are all vital to successfully planting and growing elephant bush, whether it is growing indoors or out in the garden. Portulacaria Afra a.k.a Elephant Bush a.k.a Miniature Jade. So, there’s no need to take any extra actions to increase humidity around them much like other houseplants. Look for new leaf growth, which indicates successful rooting. Make sure to cut the dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant … There are dozens of different types of elephant ear plant, but here are 26 of the most popular varieties. Growing them from seed allows them to develop better roots. Leaf propagation. For potted plants, add water until it trickles from the drainage holes at the base of the pot. Set the pot in a warm, bright location out of direct sun. Check that your pots have drainage holes before potting your Portulacaria afra. Use a potting mix specially formulated for succulents and cacti to provide the right balance of drainage and nutrients. Elephant ears belong to two species of plants: Colocasia and Alocasia. Before you start trimming, it’s important to understand how they grow. This means about 6 months of waiting. Growing Conditions and General Care. Propagation of Elephant Bush Succulents Likewise, most succulents, elephant bush is capable of reproducing from cuttings briskly—select cuttings in spring or summer for incredible results. Elephant ear plants are named after their super-sized heart-shaped (or elephant ear-shaped) leaves. The roots aren't deep, so plant Elephant's Foot in a … You can then place them in water or a soil mixture. This is especially true in cooler areas. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To test your plant's root formation, gently tug on the stem of the cutting. You can propagate elephant trees via seed and cuttings. However, it will look better if it is given a little attention throughout the year. If you’re growing it as a bonsai plant, then you’ll likely spend a lot more time trimming. It also makes them more interesting to look at since their trunks will have more bumps and lumps. Just as importantly, they’re also grown for their very unique look. When grown in pots, these small trees are fairly slow growers. But, otherwise, most of the pruning will be done to keep it neat and nice looking. This is when and where you’ll prune in order to maintain its form, shape, and size. Watering “Elephant Bush” has typical watering needs for a succulent. Use a sharp, clean knife and cut away from the adult plant. Elephant Bush Care & Growing Guide 1. As such, they’re used to warm weather, which over time has them to become drought tolerant. In the Ndoki forest of Congo, forest elephants eat at least 500 plant species (Blake, 2002), the highest known dietary diversity of any mammal. If you’re looking for a small tree or something that’s can be an alternative to bonsais, then consider the elephant tree. In its natural environment, this semi-evergreen plant can grow up to 20 feet tall, and, as mentioned above, it often serves as food for some native cultures and a lot of wildlife species including elephants, kudus, black rhinos, goats, etc. For everyone else, they’ll need to be sheltered from the cold as houseplants or only taken outside during the warmer months. Light requirements. After 3 weeks or so, you should start seeing small leaves begin to sprout. Alternatively, you can likewise propagate them via cuttings. Logee's Plants for Home & Garden recommends feeding biweekly with a balanced 15-15-15 ratio fertilizer or top-dressing the soil with granular, slow-release fertilizer in spring. Propagation of Elephant … Since your plant is so old, cutting the top will probably make it branch at that point. Position the pot near an eastern, western or southern window where temperatures stay above 40 degrees Fahrenheit during the winter. The best transitions are when the shoot is around 4 inches tall and has started to form a root base. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. How to care for your elephant ears indoors. Growing them from seed allows them to develop better roots. So, if the winters in your area are colder than that, it’s a good idea to bring them indoors between November and February. And after a point, they’ll be happy to live in an 8 inch pot for the rest of their lives. This reduces the risk of overwatering. Your email address will not be published. You can propagate elephant ears by seed, runner or by transplanting. In most climates, Elephant's Foot are grown as indoor plants, and the plant is relatively easy to grow from seed. And, they’re relatives of mangoes, cashews, and pistachios. But, to get the most out of them, you need to keep them fed. I had level 2 glass, about 20 feet tall but they easily broke through that, so I thought I'd get "smart" and put a shorter concrete wall to prevent them from reaching the glass. Alocasia plants are tuberous, which means they sprout from a central rhizome. At Potted Elephant, the thief cut tendrils of philodendron, variegated monstera and scindapsus from live plants in his greenhouse – some from Jarrell’s personal collection of rare plants. Avoid overwatering seedlings as this encourages root rot. These succulents are light to medium feeders. Although, you can still plant them in the ground as well. Freezing temperatures kill foliage and damage tubers. Apply the fertilizer to moist soil to prevent root burn and discontinue feeding if the elephant bush produces leggy growth, which is a sign of too much nitrogen. Step 1 Put on waterproof gloves to prevent elephant ear's mildly irritating sap from touching your skin. And, where to start pruning. You can propagate elephant trees via seed and cuttings. Cold drafts and hot, dry air from the heater can stress succulents such as elephant bush, so choose a location away from heater vents and leaky windows. Within just a few weeks, elephant bush cuttings will produce enough roots to be transplanted into a permanent container or into a garden bed within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. During the summer months, water elephant bush deeply but infrequently whenever the soil feels dry just beneath the surface. Elephant bush propagates the same way as other common succulents, such as jade plant (Crassula ovata). You can likewise grow them outdoors provided that your winters don’t get too cold. Add to that the arching branches that are adorned with small green leaves. To grow these stunning plants, plant the bulbs in the early spring with the right soil conditions. There are two types of elephant bush propagation of elephant bush succulent. That said, elephant trees need to be watered regularly during the warmer months. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. Portulacaria Afra “mini jade succulent” is one of the easiest plants to propagate from stem cutting. This will grow upwards until it reaches a certain height. As with other succulents, elephant trees are accustomed to warm, dry conditions. When you do hydrate it, you want to water slowly until it starts dripping from the bottom drainage hole. Amazon elephant's ear is typically not susceptible to diseases but over-watering can lead to fungal infections. Elephant ears cannot survive winter outdoors. This plant finds its place in various ways as it can be used in making terrariums, dish gardening, Miniature gardening, Fairy gardens and last but not the least it finds its place in a hanging planter keeping its spectacular spilling capability in mind. It is sometimes given the English name paintbrush, not to be confused with Castilleja species which also have this name. That’s because they are easy to grow as houseplants. Either way, elephant trees need well-draining, slightly acidic soil (pH of 5.0 to 6.0). The other time you’ll want to prune your elephant tree is if it becomes leggy. You can allow it to get drier in the winter as it goes dormant. Elephant bush is adaptable to different soil types as long as the drainage is good. In habitat, this plant forms large "thickets" known as "Spekboomvelds", and are fed upon extensively by elephants. Since they’re used to dry conditions, they’ve evolved to withstand drought. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. Fertilize in late winter to early spring with an indoor plant fertilizer diluted by half. Thus, they do best when the temperature stays above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Elephant bush requires very little hands-on care and will thrive despite neglect. So, trimming is mostly done to control its shape and size. It’s best to use the “soak and dry” method, and allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings.Portulacaria afra needs less frequent watering during its dormancy period.. Because the leaves on Portulacaria afra are so thin, it can handle more frequent waterings than other succulents. Stick the elephant bush cutting into a pot of moistened growing medium so the bottom set of leaves rests on the surface and then press the medium firmly against the stem. Use a rich soil between 5.5 and 7.0 pH. In addition to water, the other important thing to consider when growing elephant trees is fertilizer. African savannah elephants in arid Namibia eat just 33 plant species, while in Uganda they consume over 200 species. Elephant trees are native to Madagascar. As such, you don’t need to repot them too often (once every 3 years). Elephant bush succulents in the home interior should not have consistently wet feet. 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